Welcome to the home and premier site of the authentic British Teddy Boy.
Teddy Boys admiring the view on Clapham Common in 1954, a year after the infamous Teddy Boy Murder.
In 1953, the major newspapers reported on the sweeping trend in men's fashion across all the towns of Britain, towards what was termed the New Edwardian look.
The beginnings of the Cosh Boy / Teddy Boy look can be seen here with these four young lads pictured at Stepney, East London in 1951.
However the working class Edwardian style had been on the street since at least 1951, because the style had been created on the street by the street and by working class teenagers and not by Saville Row or the fashion designers.
Teddy Boys and Teenagers before the advent of Rock 'n'Roll in England - 18th February 1954:
Jazz fans collapsed onto chairs, overcome with emotion, at a crowded dance hall where their idols of song - Ted Heath, Dickie Valentine and Lita Roza are performing.
A group of early 1950's Teddy Boys pose in a Park.
A group of Teddy Boys that were around in the 1970's prepare to take part in the 40th Anniversary of the 1976 March to the BBC on Saturday 14th May 2016 in Hyde Park, Central London.
Copyright and Photograph Courtesy of Paul Douglas, Colchester, Essex.
A new generation Teddy Boys keeping the movement alive - Daire Kimmage, Connor Brennan and Lee Cummins from Dublin at the Tramway Hotel, Pakefield, Lowestoft, England on 5th July 2014.
"What's a Teddy Boy?"
"A London hoodlum!" Well what the hell did I know about "Teddy Boys?". I found out later that they were British working-class teenagers who represented the vanguard of that nation's emerging youth culture.
-American Rock n Roller Charlie Gracie in discussion with the Stage Manager at the Southampton Gaumont, August 1957
The first mention of Teddy Girls in the press, and almost exactly a year before the Picture Post article, was in the Daily Express in June 1954.
16 year old Eileen from Bethnal Green, with two teddy boys "duelling" over her on an East End bombsite.
"Teddy Clothes", began a Picture Post article in June 1955, and illustrated by the 27 year old photographer Ken Russell, "can cover a multitude of sins - or juvenile delinquencies…"
"She was auburn-haired and fifteen. She wore tight-fitting trousers, a sweater, and brightly coloured socks. And she carried a small dagger."
Jean Rayner - "A fourteen year old, with her jeans and old jacket, still in the probationary stage of Teddyism. Later, she may smarten up to senior standards." Picture Post, June 1955. "She had attitude by the truckload", remembered Ken Russell. "No one paid much attention to the teddy girls before I did them, though there was plenty on teddy boys. They were tough, these kids, they'd been born in the war years and food rationing only ended in about 1954 - a year before I took these pictures. They were proud. They knew their worth. They just wore what they wore."
10th October 1953 London gang member Colin Donellan dressed in fashionable Edwardian Teddy Boy style on Clapham Common. One of the historic icons of the original Teddy Boy Movement.
The name "Teddy Boy", was not officially born until September 23rd 1953 when a Daily Express newspaper headline shortened Edward to Teddy and coined the term 'Teddy Boy'. Nevertheless, it is also known that a number of girlfriends of working class Edwardian's were referring to them as Teddy Boys well before the Daily Express used its media power to officially christen Edwardian's into Teddy Boys.
Teddy Boys at the Mecca Royal Dance Hall, Tottenham, Middlesex (North London) pictured in the Picture Post on 29th May 1954 in the article, The Truth about Teddy Boys.
Originally an Ice skating Rink and a year after a Cinema, in 1925 the building that was to become the Tottenham Royal was converted into a dance hall known as the Tottenham Palais and became a popular jazz venue. Later it was bought by the Mecca Leisure Group and became the Tottenham Royal, North London's premier nightspot for big band and swing music, with the Johnny Howard Band as resident for a period. The 1950s saw the Royal embrace the Rock n Roll era and above this picture is a well-known photograph from Picture Post of a group of Teddy Boys in the dance hall. The Royal was so popular in the North London area during the 1950's it was known as "The Teddy Boys Graveyard" . This picture was taken outside the venue in 1961.
"Our dress is our answer to a dull world"
Teddy Boy at the Mecca Royal Dance Hall, Tottenham, 1954
Alec Cruickshank, a clerk in a City of London shipping office poses ready to go into Mecca's Royal Dance Hall, Tottenham, on 29th May 1954. Taken from the Picture Post article: "The Truth about Teddy Boys".
In 1956, the film, Blackboard Jungle made its premier at the Trocadero Cinema at Elephant & Castle in South London. It was then shown thereafter at Cinemas throughout Britain. At the end of the film, the song 'Rock around the Clock' was played and at the Trocodero, Teddy Boys danced with their girls in the aisles and when cinema staff attempted to stop them, they rioted and ripped up the cinema seats with flick knives.
Picture Post, 29th May 1954 - The Truth about Teddy Boys -Teddy Boy, Frank Harvey pictured outside the Co-op in Tottenham, North London. Frank in later years ran a pet shop called "Alan's Pet Supplies" at 75 Silver Street in nearby Edmonton. Apparently when Frank ran the shop he had this photograph of him behind the counter.
When teenager John Beckley was murdered by a Teddy Boy gang known as the Plough Boys in July 1953 after a fight that started on Clapham Common, the Daily Mirror's headline 'Flick Knives, Dance Music and Edwardian Suits' linked criminality to clothes.
A Best Dressed Teddy Boy Competition at Nottingham in 1956.
"These 'Teddy Boy' gangs must be broken up"
said one London Magistrate.
100 TEDDY BOYS FIGHT AT FAIRGROUND
The biggest Teddy Boy gang fight ever known in Leicester flared up at Saffron Lane Fairground in the second week in May of 1958. At the height of the battle, fairground workers joined in to protect their stalls and rides as many Police arrived on the scene. According to the showpeople, there were more than 100 Teds mixed up in the fight, and estimates the number of Police involved ranged from a dozen to nearly 30 or 40. A veteran showman, Mr M. Harris, said this was the worst fight he had seen since the Irish Gang Battle at Coventry some years ago. (The Leicester Mercury headline for May 11th 1958, read '100 Teddy Boys fight at Fairground')
Mick Farrell, a well dressed Teddy Boy from 1956.
"The Teddy Boy myth was born.''
Edwardian Teddy Boy Steven Lyons featured in the Manchester Evening News. See the Teddy Boys are back in Town page.
"The Great British Teddy Boy is a rebel of conformity and therefore wears a Style and not a Uniform".
Teddy Boys at Greenwich, London 1956 after a Court case
Three Teddy Boys - Left to right James Kemp, Frank Hulse and Peter Jackson (information kindly provided by Mr Hugh Finnegan) in smart Neo-Edwardian attire pose in the Park in front of the Westfield Hotel, Clarence Parade, Southsea near Portsmouth, Hampshire in 1956.
The Real Teddy Boys of 1955 from Pompey!.
Two Teddy Boys who lived opposite each other from Somers Street, Southsea, Portsmouth: Eddy Rowlands with HughFinnegan taken at Jeromes Studios, Portsmouth in 1956. Copyright and Courtesy of Hugh Finnegan.
Johnny Lacey R.I.P.
It was with deep regret to announce the passing of Johnny Lacey, a great 1950's Teddy Boy and a true Gentleman in early 2015. Johnny would have been 78 years old in April of 2015. He was fortunate to have seen the legendary Buddy Holly preform in this country during the 1958 tour. He also once told Breathless Dan Coffey that he wanted "I saw Buddy Holly in 1958, but I guess It Doesn't Matter Anymore" put on his headstone. A fella with a heart of gold, we will all miss his ever smiling face ..... R.I.P.
The picture is from Hemsby 53 at the meet and greet night at the Comfort Hotel Great Yarmouth with Louise Rehm. Courtesy Roland Edwards.
Support the 'Fifties Flash' Benefit Fund
Keith Pinnell in full Ted gear - better known as the Fifties Flash DJ at Northwood, Middlesex in 1968.
See the Fifties Flash page for further details of how you can help!
Nidge & Roseanne at the 'Fifties Flash' Benefit Night at the Dome, Tuffnell Park, North London on Saturday 11th January 2014 - taken by Photographer Phil Russell.
Events in the Teddy Boy Calender for 2015/16
GREAT NEW BRITISH VINYL RELEASE from London Teddy Boy DJ Cockney Rebel
The Edwardian Teddy Boy is an official supporter of Crazy Cavan & the Rhythm Rockers.
John aka Rockin Nidge at Chorlton-cum-Hardy, Manchester in May 2013 wearing a John Anthony Tailored two piece drape suit of Charcoal with Royal Blue window pane and blue velvet collar. The cuffs are turned back pirate cuffs of 3 1/2" with opening buttons with 4" lapels and 17" bottom trousers. Copyright: Rose van T Photography.
Nidge in a Prince of Wales Drape tailored by Steve Thompson Tailoring, Leeds with a Silk Patterned Gold Waistcoat, tailored by Kieth Wilson, Tailoring, Leeds at the British Rock n Roll Night, Tempsford, Bedfordshire, February 2016. Copyright Luke B. Domingo, Photography.
Teddy Boys Tony Richards from Eastbourne, Sussex, Nidge and Gerry Shore from Bristol welcome you to the Edwardian Teddy Boy.
The Edwardian Teddy Boy
a British Cultural Icon
John aka Rockin' Nidge pictured next to the Horsforth Hotel (locally known as 'The Friendly') at Stanhope Drive, Horsforth near Leeds in the West Riding of Yorkshire wearing a blue mohair 3 piece Drape suit made by the late Peter Smithard of Holbeck, Leeds. Copyright Rose Van T. Photography, Manchester.
Teddy Boy's: Martin Gravill from Leeds, Steve Moore from Dewsbury and Billy Perry (originally from Reading) also from Leeds on an outing in Knaresborough, Yorkshire in the Summer of 2014. Courtesy: Steve Moore.
Teddy Boy Paul and Teddy Girl Anja from London sporting the original style in Hampstead in March 2013!
'Shazam' playing at the st Mary's Arms Portsmouth 1970's.
A Brief history of the Teddy Boy Movement
A Cultural Icon - the Great British Teddy Boy
"The emergence and the story of the Working Class Edwardian"
John van Rheede Toas aka Rockin Nidge
The origins of the Teddy Boys actually go back to the late 1940's when Saville Row Tailor's attempted to revive the styles of the reign of King Edward VII, 1901-1910, known as the Edwardian era, into men's fashions. The Teddy Boy fashion of the fifties has its origins in what was an upper class reaction to the austerity imposed by the socialist government in the years following the World War II. The style of dress was addressed, primarily, to the young aristocratic men about town and not young working class youths.
Although the popular press of the day claim that the working-class Edwardian fashion was initially worn in south and east London during the early 1950's, the fashion was actually taking hold all over the country at the same time. Examples of this can be found in Newspaper reports and Photographs which confirm this.
In 1953, the major newspapers reported on the sweeping trend in men's fashion across all the towns of Britain, towards what was termed the New Edwardian look. However the working class Edwardian style had been on the street since at least 1951, because the style had been created on the street by the street and by working class teenagers and not by Saville Row or fashion designers such as Hardy Amis.
The name "Teddy Boy" however, was not officially born until September 23rd 1953 when a Daily Express newspaper headline shortened 'Edward' to 'Teddy' and coined the term 'Teddy Boy'. Nevertheless, it is also known that a number of girlfriends of working class Edwardian's (Teddy Girls) were referring to them as Teddy Boys well before the Daily Express used its media power to officially christen Edwardian's into Teddy Boys.
The Teddy Boy is a uniquely British phenomenon and pre-dates the introduction of American Rock'n'Roll music into Britain in late 1955 by Bill Haley & his Comets by at least five years or so. However, one fact is clear, that when Rock 'n' Roll did hit Britain like a thunderbolt in 1955, the music would quickly become adopted by Britain's Teddy Boys and from that point onward's the style and the music became inseparable.
1955/56 - Portsmouth Teddy Boys: (Left - Right) Albie Deacon, Johnny Moor, Graham Butcher, Brian Frost, Hugh Finnegan, and Eugene Finnegan. Jerome's Studios, Commercial Road, Portsmouth (Photograph courtesy and copyright of Mr Hugh Finnegan)
The Teddy Boy style was probably at its peak between 1954 and 1957, however by 1958 the Italian look had started to come into fashion for young men which was characterised by short bum-freezer jackets and narrower lapels and tighter trousers. The era of the Teddy Boy was rapidly fading and by 1960 a new set of teenagers were joining the new emerging cults such as the Modernists and the Rockers.
Britain's Teddy Boys nonetheless never faded away completely and during the 'dark days of the 1960's', small groups of Teddy Boys kept the movement going. Many Teds had 'got married and settled down' while others had joined the ranks of the leather jacketed Rockers.
This film clip was taken from the BBC 2 Documentary, Where have all the Teddy Boys Gone. These are the "Harra Boys" at Sheepcoate Road, Harrow in 1968. The Documentary was first broadcast on Sunday 3rd August 1969 on BBC 2 at 21.30 in the evening, although it was actually filmed in 1968 and featured five former Teds - George, Mick, Mike, Len and Bernie who recall the frustrations and battles of Britain's first 'teenagers'.
The loyalty of these die-hard Teds who carried the movement on through the dark days of the 1960's paid off because by 1967, Bill Haley & the Comets were back in the charts with Shake, Rattle & Roll and the so-called Rock n Roll revival had arrived and by the 1970's a new generation of Teddy Boys came about.
The 1972 London Rock n Roll Festival was a milestone in the re-emergence of Rock n Roll and a whole host of American Rock n Rollers delighted a whole new generation of Teddy Boys with Bo Diddley, Jerry Lee Lewis, Bill Haley, Little Richard and Chuck Berry appearing alongside Britain's Heinz and Screaming Lord Sutch.
Jerry Lee Lewis with Breathless Dan Coffey - in Boulonge-sur-Mer, France ready to do the Rockin' accross the Channel concert in May 1963.
One notable original Ted, Breathless Dan Coffey from Newport in South Wales was largely responsible for not only keeping the movement going during the 1960's, but for introducing 'Rockabilly' music into Britain from the Southern States of America. Rockabilly eventually became the mainstream music of the Teddy Boys during the 1970's. New bands started such as the Wild Angels, Rock Island Line, Shakin Stevens & the Sunsets, the Riot Rockers, Crazy Cavan & the Rhythm Rockers, Flying Saucers and Matchbox to name but a few. Rock 'n' Roll was also appearing in the charts albeit in a populist diluted form. Original Rockabilly and Rock n Roll artists were also having new leases of life, such as Carl Perkins, Charlie Feathers, Warren Smith and Sonny Burgess. One of the most obscure records to come out during the seventies and become a hit was Hank Mizell's 'Jungle Rock', which had never been heard before in the UK.
This new generation of Teddy Boys, some of whom were maybe the sons of the originals and others who did not want to hang around with the other tribes and were simply sick and tired of the fashions that were around at the time multiplied and Teddy Boys and Girls could be seen once again back on Britain's streets. Teddy Boy pubs and clubs could be found back in all of Britain and Ireland's major towns and cities. One of the most notable London Ted Pubs was the 'Black Raven' in London's Liverpool Street where many well known Teds hung out such as the legendary 'Sunglasses Ron'. In terms of dress, the 1970's Teds however adopted much brighter coloured Drape Jackets and Suits than those that were worn back in the fifties and many were influenced by the Glam Rock era that existed during the 1970's. Nevertheless, the 1970's was a renaissance period for Britain's Teddy Boys.
One major event happened in the 1970's which brought Teddy Boys to the fore nationally, was the 'March to the BBC' and this took place on Saturday 15th May 1976. This involved thousands of Teddy Boys and Girls from all over the Country marching through Central London to the BBC studios in a national campaign for more Rock 'n' Roll to be played on the Radio. The campaign was a total success and the BBC caved in and this resulted in Harrogate born Stuart Coleman who had helped organise the march and much to his surprise into delivering a weekly Rock n Roll Show on Radio 1 late on Saturday afternoons. The March was followed by a big concert at Pickets Lock Sports Centre in Edmonton, North London where hundreds of Teds danced to the Hellraisers, Crazy Cavan & the Rhythm Rockers and Flying Saucers - an LP Record was made of the Concert entitled Rock 'n' Roll is Still Alive.
Towards the end of the 1970's some of the younger Teds became disillusioned with the Ted scene due to a number of factors and two new groups evolved. The first were the Rockabilly's who wore check shirts jeans and Donkey Jackets. The second were the Hep Cats who were generally much younger than the Teds and had started to adopt the American 1950's look and were into Swing Jive and fast Doo Wop.
Unfortunately, by the late 1980's the Teds were on the wane once again and many had done what their forebears had done in the late fifties and had got married and settled down. Others had left the ranks of the Teddy Boys altogether and joined the Rockabilly's and the Hep Cats as already mentioned.
Nevertheless, they were always the die-hard Teds, and these stalwarts kept the movement going. During the 1980's a small number of Teddy Boys were starting to re-evaluate themselves and had got fed up with the Teddy Boy style of the seventies and started to look back into the origins of the movement. As early as 1981 a small group of Teds in Eccles, Lancashire and later at Farnborough in Hampshire had started to adopt the styles of the pre 1955 Teddy Boy. The pre 1955 look composed of suits of darker and more conservative shades with wider lapels of 3½"-4" with velvet only present on the collar and sometimes the cuffs or with no velvet at all. The trousers were pleat fronted with turnips and 16"/17" bottoms and the waistcoats were either brocade or plain and complemented by a pocket watch and chain.
Later, in 1994 two sisters, Dixie & Susie Coombs formed T.E.D.S. - the Edwardian Drape Society at the Empress of Prussia pub in Islington, North London with the objective of taking a co-ordinated approach at encouraging those Teds still around to start wearing a more authentic form of Teddy Boy clothing and to reclaim the original 1950's Teddy Boy style. This group which was later headed by well known North London Teddy Boy, Ritchie Gee had a lasting effect and influence on the the Teddy Boy movement. As another well known Teddy Boy from North London says: "It's great what The Edwardian Drape Society set out to do back then in those days, because this had a permanent lasting effect on putting our image right."
Another factor that has changed along with the Teddy Boys dress style has been a big interest in British Rock n Roll music in place of Rockabilly. Many of today's Teds are now listening to the sounds of Tommy Steele, Tony Crombie, Vince Taylor, Shane Fenton and Johnny Kidd & the Pirates. There are now a number of bands on the scene who are playing the British Rock n Roll of the late 1950's and early 1960's such as The Rapiers, The Fireballs and Serious Charge.
Most of the Teddy Boys around today are third generation Teds and the nineteen seventies was the period that they became active on the Teddy Boy scene. There are also a few second generation and fourth generation Teds and even a small number of new recruits from the current period. Due to the fact that many of these Teds are in their late forties, fifties and sixties, their style of dress has been toned down with the passing of years and is totally different to what many would have worn in the 1970's. Despite this, there is nevertheless a number of Teds who like to maintain the brighter 1970's look and still prefer to wear the drapes that they would have worn then, which is their right of course.
Despite the variety of styles and differences in opinions within the Teddy Boy movement, one thing is for sure, the British Teddy Boy is likely to be around for a good few years to come and represents the first distinctive style that made teenagers in Britain stand out and be different from the rest. The Teddy Boy's were the originators of a distinctive Youth Culture in Britain and the first rebels against conformity and conventional style. They have continued to maintain that reputation to this day, standing out from the rest of society - the British Teddy Boy really has become a British Cultural icon!
The style evolution of the Teddy Boy
Derek Keates (known as "The Sheriff" due to his Western Gambler image) with girlfriend Valerie Kitts at a Best Dressed Teddy Boy Competition in 1954 who is wearing a rolled collar Drape Jacket with half-moon pockets with full velvet trim and wearing a genuine "Bootlace Tie".
This period is when Ice Blue, Maroon and Bottle Green drape suits became popular with mainly black velvet trim, although other coloured velvet's were used, particularly blue. This particular style would then set the scene for the re-emergence of the Teddy Boy some 10 years later in 1967 when the identical style became re-adopted. Although the so called Rock n Roll Revival started in 1967, there was always an underground Teddy Boy movement which continued throughout the 1960's largely due to stalwarts like Breathless Dan Coffey and Boppin' Brian Spilsbury, to name but a few!
However, during the 1970's, the Teddy Boy style had become somewhat bastardised compared to the original Edwardian Teddy Boy of the early to mid 1950's where jackets were characterised by much more sober colours of black, grey, navy blue and plaid checks.
This 1970's Glam Rock image was started when fashion designer Vivienne Westwood had started making glam Teddy Boy clothing for Malcolm McLaren and in 1971, they opened a shop called 'Let it Rock' at 430 Kings Road, London.
As a result, many of the 1970's drape jackets were heavily influenced by this glam rock image which had perpetuated 1970's popular culture and much brighter colours were then worn. These colours included Scarlet Red, Royal Blue, Canary Yellow and in some cases the jackets had Lurex and Leopard skin trim in place of velvet. Generally however, greater use of velvet however was worn on both collars, pockets and cuffs, all in velvet of varying colours. Many Teds in the seventies wore black drape jackets with red velvet, however black velvet still predominated as being the popular trim.
Lynda Gedge from Horsforth near Leeds with Dave Cass from Doncaster circa 1975. Dave sadly died at the very young age of 27 - R.I.P. "Cass" is wearing a Royal Blue Drape two peice with black velvet rolled colllar, half-moon pockets and black velvet "Vandyke" cuffs. Dave has turn-ups on his trousers.
The use of Vandyke cuffs on Drape Jackets became popular. There was also a predominance of drape jackets with velvet rolled collars and velvet edged half-moon pockets. Trousers were generally of 14" bottoms with very few who would wear turn-ups. Many Teddy Boys in the 1970's were wearing Bootlace (or Bolo) ties with their suits as opposed to 'slim jim' or 'maverick' ties worn in the 1950's.
Leeds, 5th July 1976 Rock and Roll line up from left: Henry Karasiewicz 25 Kirkstall, Julie Skelton 18 Horsforth, Nick Kovrlija 21 Halton, Lynda Gedge 18 Horsforth, and Terry Best 25 Roundhay. Henry is wearing a Scarlet Red Drape trimmed with White/ Silver Lurex, Nik is wearing a dark Yellow Drape with Black Velvet pockets and Terry is wearing a Black Drape with Blue Velvet. All three Teds are wearing the squared-off Roll Collar which was influenced by Big Gerry Townes older brother Rocky Townes who wore a similar style of Drape back in 1959 - very much a Leeds individual style.
As time went on, an interest steadily developed amongst pockets of Teds into to reclaiming the original 1950's style. This started in the 1980's amongs't those Teddy Boys, who had become disillusioned with the outfits of the 1970's. This original style was found to have little in common with the Teddy Boy Glam Rock influenced outfits of the 1970's. These small pockets of Teddy Boys and Girls at this point in time became pre-occupied into researching the styles of the original Edwardians. They realised that they wanted to go back to the roots of the original pre-1955 Edwardian's and wanted to wear Teddy Boy outfits and adopt the look of 1953/4.
Farnbourough 'Edwardians' in Birmingham in 1986 - they, along with others, had started to reclaim the original style.
This original Edwardian look comprised of wearing more sober colours with far less velvet trim, with velvet on the collar and maybe on the cuffs, but with no velvet on the pockets. Many original drape jackets featured no velvet trim and these same Teddy Boys were also then starting to have Drape Jackets tailored with no velvet at all.
Teddy Boy Johnny Gard dances with a "Judie" (Teddy Girl) in a London suburban Dance Hall, 1954.
The photograph above of Johnny Gard, exemplifies the style that a number of 1980's Teds were attempting to emulate, which many did very successfully as you will see in the above photograph of Paul Culshaw and the Farnborough Edwardians taken in Birmingham in 1986. However as 1980's Teddy Girl, Susie Prince recalls, there was no internet (like now) that had images of original Teds and the research of the original Teds had to be done by purchasing copies of photographs from establishments such as the Victoria and Albert Museum in Central London. This was often the only method of obtaining images of original Teds at that point in time.
The original pre 1955 style jackets featured wider lapels of 31/2" and 4" with the trousers featuring pleated fronts and wider 16" bottoms with turn ups. The move towards this original style has continued and many Teddy Boys are now wearing a much more authentic style of dress as opposed to the Glam Rock image made popular in the 1970's. One the main purposes of this website is to perpetuate this original 1953/4 image amongst the Teddy Boy movement.
The principal main effort, of the Edwardian Teddy Boy website however, is to collect as much historical information and photographs on Teddy Boys as possible in order to become the prime source of information on the movement. This includes the 1970's so called Teddy Boy revival, as this is as much a major important period for the Teddy Boys as the 1950's.
Therefore if you have any historical data or photographs that you would like to donate to this site, please send it to Nidge at: firstname.lastname@example.org You will be credited with any information or photographs that you supply and if you want to loan these for scanning, they will be returned to you in the same condition that you sent them.
In terms of history and to understand how the original Edwardian style emerged, we need go back to the late 1940's, just after the Second World War. Teddy Boys or Edwardians (as they were first called), first began to appear in the early 1950's on the streets of South and West London after the style had become adopted by working class youths. The style had originally appeared in the late 1940's when Saville Row Tailors attempted to revive the styles of the reign of King Edward VII, 1901-1910 into men's fashions. The Teddy Boy fashion of the fifties had it's origins in what was an upper class reaction to the austerity imported by the socialist government in the years following World War II.
1956 Photo shoot on a Saturday Afternoon in Pompey. Original Southsea Teddy Boy, Hugh Finnegan recalls: "Not much else to do in them days, had to wait till 7.30pm for any dance halls to open, also pubs opened at 6pm and closed at 10.30pm but we still had a good time!!"
However the newly established working class 'dandified street gangs' with their extravagant dress and defiant pose made Teddy Boys popular subjects for the media in the 1950's. Like the Spiv of the Second World War, the Teddy Boy became a media folk devil and ended up as the scapegoat for anything to do with juvenille delinquency. The media in their efforts to vilify the great British Teddy Boy unwittingly spread the image far beyond the London area, until the Teddy Boy became a nationwide teenage style and the first post-war teenage subculture in Great Britain and Ireland.
THE MORMON CREEP CUDDLE at the Mecca Royal Dance Hall, Tottenham, Middlesex. In this dance each girl has at least two partners. Psychologists think that the cult (Teddy Boys) which favors such dances as the Mormon Cuddle Creep in which a girl has several partners, is the aftermath of World War II with its separation of families and bombing neurosis. It is also a revolt by "young braves" against a drab post-war existence.
The Edwardian Teddy Boy website is run for the benefit of all British Teddy Boys and Teddy Girls who have continued to maintain this great British distinctive style and tradition.
One of the principal aim's of the Edwardian Teddy Boy is to promulgate the original styles of the pre 1955 Teddy Boy and actively promote the ethos and style of the original and authentic British Teddy Boy movement.
The Legendary 'Sunglasses' Ron Staples at Southend-on-Sea in the 1970's
It also aims to research, document and promote the entire history and continued existence of the movement including the so called revival of the late 1960's and 1970's and styles of this period along with the influence of Rockabilly music among'st the movement during that period.
Teddy Boys pictured at Worthing, Sussex in 1955.
For those who are unaware, the Edwardian image and lifestyle is very much alive and kicking today as it was during the 1950's and then in the 1970's. The outfit is practically unchanged, the haircuts, and the music are still the same.
Photograph by Ken Russell January 1955 of Teddy Girls, Pat Wiles and Iris Thornton, aged 17 from Plaistow, showing off their lace up espadrilles.
At Rock 'n' Roll clubs throughout Britain, Teddy Boys and Girls still strut their stuff on the dance floors, bopping and jiving to their favorite music.
A young Teddy Boy in 2012 from Stockton-on-Tees keeping the movement alive.
The only difference is that the aggressiveness of their predecessors has all but gone, the fighting in the cinemas, and the weapons are but a thing of the past. However, one thing is for sure, the great British Teddy Boy is here to stay.
Members of the Manchester Peacock Society pose at the Castle Pub in Oldham Street, Manchester', 30th May 2011.
This site is designed to educate and inform all who are genuinely interested the history of the Teddy Boy as a British cultural icon and those who are studying fashion and popular culture including the development of British Rock 'n' Roll music. I hope that you will find this developing site a useful source of historic and current information.
John aka Rockin' Nidge
Norman Noel Dodds (1903-1965), Labour Cooperative politician pictured talking to two typical "Teddy Boys" with their Edwardian style clothes and "Tony Curtis" hairstyles in a Cafe in July 1955. Norman Dodds was the MP for Dartford from 1945-1955 and for Erith and Crayford from 1955 to 1965 until his death at the age of 61.
Edwardian Teddy Boy Mick Mcloughlin cycles in to The Tramway Hotel, July 2011.
Teddy Boys on T.V.
Simply Media TV produced a Television Documentary called Teen Spirit: 'Here Come the Teds' which was filmed at the 'Wildest Cats in Town' Weekender in June / July 2011. This was narrated by Graham McPherson (better known as ex-Madness singer 'Suggs') and was originally broadcast on Thursday 26th January 2012 at 9.00 pm on the Yesterday Channel. It has been subsequently repeated, however if you missed it, you can view the documentary on the Here comes the Teds page.
Book on the History of the Teddy Boy Movement - written by two top Teddy Boys.
No youth cult has been so enduring, yet so misunderstood, as the Teddy Boys. They were maligned by a British Establishment that had no clue what they were about, and as the movement grew that scorn turned to fear. Teddy Boys tells of their roots, the music of jive and boogie artists, how the fashion became associated with violence and how the Teds fell into decline after the 1958 Notting Hill Riots. Their spirit was preserved by the Rockers of the 60s and through the rising popularity of rockabilly across Europe and beyond.
'Teddy Boys - a concise History' is a great book that was released on 1st December 2012 and written by Ray Ferris and Julian Lord based on an idea from Paul Ramsbottom. Retail Price approx: £8.00. The Ted on the finalised front cover is London Gang member, Colin Donellan taken on 10th October 1953.
A new book on Teddy Boys coming out in November 2015!
Stand by for this book, which is coming out in November 2015 and has been put together by Michael McIlwee who is the Information Officer at Liverpool John Moores University . Michael has written a number of books on the history of gangs in and around Liverpool.
In the mid-1950s, British society was gripped by a sudden terror: of its own youth. The murder of a 17-year-old Londoner in September 1953 marked the start of a strange and horrifying fad. As if from nowhere, gangs of young men, dressed in a remarkable new fashion, emerged to turn the streets, dance halls and fairgrounds into battlefields. The Teddy Boys had arrived.
Soon they were blamed for a rising tide of post-War crime. Successors to aggressive thugs known as Cosh Boys, the Teds combined English Edwardian dress with American zoot-suit style, with weapons an essential accessory. Accounts of their sorties with knives, chains and knuckledusters filled the newspapers, and from the seminal Battle of St Mary Cray, in 1954, to mass brawls in Birmingham, Glasgow, Liverpool and Manchester, few towns or cities were unaffected. Some of the worst affrays pitched them against National Service squaddies and American GIs based in the UK. Various fighters claimed the title King of the Teds, some of them hyped by the. Teddy Girls joined in enthusiastically. Then the arrival of rock 'n' roll and the movie Rock Around the Clock sparked a wave of cinema riots, further condemnation and a sharp police and judicial response.
Yet others saw the Teds as a positive sign of an independent generation unbound by the restrictive attitudes of their parents, and similar fashions were embraced by teenagers abroad, from the Blousons Noir of France to the Bodgies of Australia. The Ted movement inevitably declined as the originals grew up, got married and had children. But their legacy survives to this day.
The Edwardian Teddy Boy and the Teddy Boy Movement.
Teddy Boys gather outside a Picture House on the Old Kent Road 1955.
In March of 1954, a sixteen year-old youth had been convicted at Dartford Magistrate's Court of robbing a woman 'by putting her in fear'. The Chairman of the Magistrates said:
"There are a lot of things and so-called pleasures of the world which demand a lot of money. You tried to get hold of money for ridiculous things like Edwardian suits. They are ridiculous in the eyes of ordinary people. They are flashy, cheap and nasty, and stamp the wearer as a particular undesirable type."
"In April two gangs, also dressed Edwardian-style, met after a dance, at St Mary Cray, Kent, Railway Station. They were ready for action: bricks and sand-filled socks were used. Fifty-five youths were taken in for questioning."
"East of Barking in the summer of 1954, on a train from Southend, someone pulled the communication cord. The train ground to a halt. Light bulbs were smashed. When the train eventually reached Barking, Police arrested a gang dressed in Edwardian suits"
"The Teddy Boy myth was born.''
Two original 1954 Teddy Boys at Kingston upon Thames wearing Drape Jackets with 4" wide lapels, silk patterned waistcoats and trousers with pleated fronts and 16" bottoms with turn-ups.
"Cinemas, Dance halls and other places of entertainment in South-East London are closing their doors to youths in 'Edwardian' suits because of gang hooliganism. The ban, which week by week is becoming more generally applied, is believed by Police to be one of the main reasons for the extension of the area in which fights with knuckle dusters, coshes, and similar weapons between bands of teenagers can now be anticipated. In Cinemas, seats have been slashed with razors and had dozens of meat skewers stuck into them." - Daily Mail, 12th April 1954.
The Stag-Line at a Dance Hall. The Teddy Boy in the centre is wearing an Edwardian outfit, which may have cost him as much as £50.00 ( very expensive at the time). Note the Long Jacket with 'Shawl' collar and single link button fastening (nearly coming off), Drainpipe trousers, thick Crepe soled shoes ('Creepers') and parallel-striped 'Slim Jim' tie. The boy on the right has a 'Tony Curtis' haircut and is wearing crepe soled suede shoes. - July 1955.
Welcome to The Edwardian Teddy Boy, a proactive website that is dedicated to maintaining and furthering the British Teddy Boy movement and culture amongst like-minded people throughout Britain, Ireland and Europe.
Totally authentic Edwardian Teddy Boy, Paul Trainor from Eccles, Lancashire.
This is a site where Teddy Boys & Girls who are committed to the 1950's neo-Edwardian lifestyle can access current and historical information, news, details of events and view photographs from Teddy Boy and Rock 'n' Roll events.
Teddy Boys pictured at Surrey Street Market, Croydon, Surrey in 1976. Left to Right: Unknown, Micky Mould & Brian Boyce. Photograph: Chris Steele-Perkins.
'The Edwardian Teddy Boy' as a website, was started in April 2010 and has been built by Edwardian Teddy Boy, John aka Rockin Nidge.
Edwardian Teddy Boys - Jake, Gaz & John from Preston, Lancashire.
This is a very useful website for those who are researching 1950's British Youth culture, British Rock 'n' Roll and the evolution of the Teddy Boys. From their conception in the early fifties through the so called Rock 'n' Roll Revival of the late 1960's and 1970's through to the return to the fifties neo-Edwardian roots and the evolvement of The Edwardian Drape Society during the mid 1990's, and to the present day, the Teddy Boy has always been an icon of British Youth Culture and Lifestyle.
The 'Tramways' at Pakefield, Lowestoft hosts the Edwardian Invasion each year and has now become an annual Saturday afternoon pilgrimage for Teddy Boys & Girls whilst attending the 'Wildest Cats in Town' weekender in early July.
The Edwardian Teddy Boy website is specifically for Teddy Boys and Teddy Girls who are dedicated to perpetuating and maintaining the authentic 1950's Teddy Boy image and lifestyle. However always remember that Teddy Boy attire is a style and not a uniform and the whole reason for wearing the gear is that it enables the individual to make their own design within a given style.
A famous photograph taken by photographer, Ken Russell in January 1955 by at the back of the Walthamstow Palace Theatre of a small group of Teddy boys talking to 17 year old Josie Buchan a Teddy Girl who is sporting a DA hairstyle which was unusual for women in 1955.
British Rock 'n' Roll
The Edwardian Teddy Boy strongly supports British Rock n Roll music from original artists such as Tommy Steele, Tony Crombie & his Rockets, Terry Dene, Billy Fury and Cliff Richard & the Drifters.
Norrie Paramor with Cliff Richard & the Drifters - Jet Harris, Tony Meehan, Hank Marvin & Bruce Welch in 1958.
The site also promotes ALL forms of 1950's Rock 'n' Roll music such as Doo Wop, Rockabilly and main stream Rock 'n' Roll.
The 2i's Coffee Bar, Old Compton Street, Soho, in London's West End in 1959 - Birthplace of British Rock 'n' Roll. The 2i's Coffee Bar was a coffee bar upstairs and in the basement was a small area where emerging British Rock 'n' Roll artists and groups were able to perform. It was situated at 59 Old Compton Street, Soho, London, England, between 1956 and 1970. The 2i's was owned by Paul Lincoln, an Australian wrestler and wrestling promoter.
The Edwardian Teddy Boy website acts as a link and source of information for all drape wearing Teddy Boys and Girls and promotes the common cause of maintaining the British Teddy Boy culture and lifestyle.
The Edwardian Teddy Boy has always been in support of the original pre 1955 Teddy Boy style of dress. However, the actual return to the original Conservative Edwardian style of Teddy Boy dress was originally a concept that was steadily being developed during the mid to late 1980's.
Regular members of the London Rock n Roll Club photographed at The Edwardian Club, Southgate, North London in 1986 featured in the HMV booklet 'British Youth Culture'.
Teddy Boys at venues such as the Edwardian Club in Southgate, North London and Paul Culshaw and his Farnborough Edwardians were examples of this. This was because many Teddy Boys had become disgruntled with the 1970's glam image that had dominated the Teddy Boy style during the 1970's.
Teddy Boys and Girls at the Tennesee Club in the mid 1990's.
Later in 1992, The Edwardian Drape Society (T.E.D.S.) was started in a move to support and promote of the re-claiming of the original 1950's Teddy Boy style back into Teddy Boy culture.
As a well known Teddy Boy from North London says: "It's great what The Edwardian Drape Society set out to do back then in those days, because this had a permanent and lasting effect on putting our image right."
Manchester Teddy Boys outside a Cinema in 1955.
There are now a large number of Teddy Boys who are very much in support of the ethic of maintaining and promoting the original pre 1955 Conservative Edwardian Teddy Boy style and this site actively encourages this. Typically this involves the wearing of Drape jackets with 3"- 4" lapels, minimum use of velvet apart from the collars and cuffs (or none at all), matching or silk patterned brocade waistcoats and 16" bottom trousers with turn-ups.
Edwardian Teddy Boys at the Adelphi Pub in Leeds on 30 April 2011 taking part in the Ted's Around Town in Leeds Pub Crawl.
When Teddy Boys first emerged in 1953 amongst British working class youths, it became acceptable for young people to care about what they looked like and to dress for show, instead of having work or school clothes and Sunday-best.
A Teddy Boy with his girl 'Moon Dance' at a Dance Hall - July 1955 - note the Drape Jacket with half back full velvet collar with 16-17" turned up trousers and Brogue Shoes.
Today people dress very casually and there seems not to be the same sense of occasion when Going out on the Town. This was never the case for the Teddy Boys, who despite their reputation always dressed up and strutted around like peacocks when they went out.
The Edwardian Teddy Boy website encourages those like-minded individuals who are committed to emulating the original Teddy Boy styles as near as possible, taking into account regional variations.
The Edwardian Teddy Boy is keen to stimulate interest amongst younger people and develop them to become the Teddy Boys of the future and continue to keep the neo-Edwardian culture alive.
Edwardian Teddy Boys in the 1980's recreating the original pre 1955 style L to R: Paul Culshaw, Richard Wooley, Jerry Lunn & Frankie Calland.
The Edwardian Teddy Boy website is certainly not telling anyone what to wear and is in no position to do so. However, this site is somewhat cognosenti about authentic Teddy Boy attire and is keen to emulate and encourage the wearing of the original 1950's Teddy Boy styles in terms of colours, suiting's, footwear and clothing accessories as much as possible.
Boys wearing Edwardian style clothes at the "Teen Canteen" at Elephant & Castle, South London, July 1955 - note the unusually long sideburns of the Teddy Boy with the double breasted waistcoat for the period..
The Edwardian Teddy Boy is particularly against the 'Glam Rock' influence that was responsible for bastardising much of the Teddy Boy attire worn during the 1970's and support a return to the more authentic 1950's style.
A Group of Deeside Teddy Boys and Girls at the Tower Ballroom, New Brighton, Cheshire in the Mid 1950s
The Edwardian Teddy Boy website embraces and welcomes all committed Teddy Boys and Girls. We encourage those of you to dress smartly and wear your clothes with pride when attending Teddy Boy and Rock 'n' Roll events, venues and functions.
At Steph and Michele Brian's Wedding at Mundersley - Nidge, Roger, Jonny and Sophie in true Edwardain style, March 2012.
There is too much emphasis on dressing casually these days and this seems to have become the norm. We, as proud Edwardian Teddy Boys and Girls on the other hand want to dress and stand out and apart from the rest!
Well dressed Edwardian's Steve, Pete and Mark at a TEDS Do at the Holloway Tavern 1992.
In the last 30 years Teddy Boys in Britain have fostered and strengthened links with Teddy Boy groups that have emerged and developed in Europe, particularly in Germany, France, Spain, Norway and Finland.
These links have strengthened the Edwardian brotherhood considerably and there are regular events that British Teddy Boys attend in these countries. Our European counterparts are regular supporters of functions and events held here in the UK .
Well known London Teddy Boy, Johnny T.
1979 TV Documentary 'England Their England' featuring workers from Raleigh Cycle Factory Nottingham. It features Clive Hodgson, Teddy Boy and Rock' n' Roll DJ, playing at the 'Cocked Hat' pub. Featuring Tony Goodman and all.
Please note that this website is maintained by Rockin' Nidge and that the views and comments expressed therein, are not necessarily those shared by the rank and file of Teddy Boy's.
An iconic photograph taken in 1970 with Ray Flight (centre), then 22 years of age with 'Driftin' Den Board (right) and Dick (surname unknown) on the left. Ray is wearing a midnight blue drape suit with black velvet, gold waistcoat and black suede buckle creepers. Although these Teds are pictured during the late 1960's / 1970's period, they have resisted the glam rock image that many Teds adopted during the seventies.